The Legacy 450 and Legacy 500 are two popular midsize business jets.
They are part of the Legacy family from Embraer which also includes the Legacy 600, Legacy 650, and Legacy 650E.
The 450 and 500 are currently out of production and have since been replaced by the Praetor 500 and Praetor 600.
However, the Praetor 500 and 600 are based on the previous Legacy aircraft which means that both the Legacy 450 and Legacy 500 can be upgraded to to Praetor configurations for around half a million dollars.
Therefore, these aircraft are still very capable and popular. As a result, it is important to determine which one will suit your needs best.
Given that these two aircraft are related, there are, unsurprisingly, a lot of similarities.
Both aircraft are powered by Honeywell’s HTF7500E engines.
However, there are some notable differences between the two that potential buyers should be aware of.
The Legacy 450’s engines deliver a total thrust output of 13,080 lbs (5,932 kg), with each engine providing 6,540 lbs (2,966 kg).
On the other hand, the Legacy 500 possesses a bit more power, with a total thrust output of 14,072 lbs (6,382 kg), as each engine produces 7,036 lbs (3,191 kg).
In terms of speed, both jets offer high-speed cruise capabilities, but the Legacy 500 holds a slight edge.
The Legacy 450 can reach a high-speed cruise of 462 knots (853 km/h) and a long-range cruise of 436 knots (807 km/h).
The Legacy 500, meanwhile, can achieve a high-speed cruise of 466 knots (863 km/h) and a long-range cruise of 439 knots (813 km/h).
Realistically, it is worth noting that in real-world applications, a difference in cruise speed of 3 to 4 knots will most likely go unnoticed.
When it comes to the cruising altitude the similarities continue.
Both jets have the same maximum altitude of 45,000 feet (13,716 meters) and an initial cruise altitude of 43,000 feet (13,106 meters).
When it comes to the rate of climb, the Legacy 500 outpaces the Legacy 450 slightly, climbing at 3,866 feet (1,178 meters) per minute as opposed to the 450’s 3,783 feet (1,153 meters) per minute.
However, the Legacy 450 has a distinct advantage in terms of fuel efficiency.
It burns 215 gallons (815 liters) of fuel per hour, whereas the Legacy 500 consumes 243 gallons (920 liters) per hour.
Given an estimated cost of $6 per gallon for Jet A fuel, choosing the Legacy 450 could result in considerable savings.
Assuming both aircraft fly 300 hours a year, the Legacy 450 would burn 64,500 gallons (244,226 liters) of fuel, costing $387,000. In contrast, the Legacy 500 would consume 72,900 gallons (276,090 liters) of fuel, leading to a cost of $437,400. Therefore, choosing the Legacy 450 could save you $50,400 annually.
One of the key differences between these two aircraft is the range.
The Legacy 450 has a maximum range of 2,904 nautical miles (3,342 miles or 5,378 kilometers).
On the other hand, the Legacy 500 offers an even greater range of 3,125 nautical miles (3,596 miles or 5,788 kilometers).
As you can see from the map below, both aircraft can technically fly non-stop from New York to Europe. However, in typical conditions the Legacy 450 will likely struggle to comfortably make this voyage.
This is one of the key advantages of the Legacy 500. It does have enough range to comfortably cross the Atlantic without needing to stop and refuel.
However, it’s important to note that these range figures represent the best-case scenarios under ideal conditions.
Many factors can impact the actual range of an aircraft during a specific flight.
For example, headwinds can significantly reduce the effective range by increasing the amount of fuel burned.
Likewise, high altitude and hot temperatures can also affect the range by impacting engine performance.
Furthermore, the weight of the aircraft, including passengers and cargo, plays a crucial role as well; a fully loaded aircraft will not be able to travel as far as one that’s lightly loaded.
Ground performance is another crucial aspect to consider when comparing private jets. This includes the take-off and landing distances, which can greatly influence where an aircraft can operate.
Given that the Legacy 450 is smaller than the Legacy 500, it will come as no surprise that it requires less runway length.
When it comes to take-off distance the Legacy 450 outperforms the Legacy 500 with a minimum take-off distance of 3,907 feet (1,191 meters) versus 4,084 feet (1,245 meters).
The story continues the same way when it comes to minimum landing distance. The Legacy 450 requires just 2,090 feet (637 meters) feet to land while the Legacy 500 requires at least 2,122 feet (647 meters) of runway.
The shorter these distances are, the more airports become accessible to the aircraft. Shorter distances mean that the jet can operate even in smaller airports with shorter runways, providing more flexibility and options for travel.
While these figures for the Legacy 500 are not significantly higher than the Legacy 450’s, they may limit the 500’s ability to operate at some smaller airports with shorter runways.
These ground performance figures represent ideal conditions.
Several factors can affect the actual take-off and landing distances required during a specific flight.
One key factor is the weight of the aircraft. A heavier aircraft will require more distance to take off and land safely.
Likewise, weather conditions such as wind speed and direction can have a significant impact. A strong headwind can reduce the take-off and landing distances, while a tailwind can increase them.
Finally, the temperature and altitude of the airport also play a role. Higher altitudes and hotter temperatures both reduce air density, which can lead to longer take-off and landing distances.
The interior dimensions of a private jet are key in determining the comfort and experience of passengers on board.
It will come as no surprise that the only difference in interior dimensions between these two aircraft is the length.
The Legacy 450’s cabin measures 24.02 feet (7.32 meters) in length while the Legacy 500 comes in at 27.30 feet (8.32 meters) in cabin length.
For both aircraft the interior width and height are identical, measuring 6.82 feet (2.08 meters) and 6.00 feet (1.83 meters) respectively.
The Legacy 450 can technically accommodate up to 9 passengers in its maximum configuration, though it typically carries around 7.
On the other hand, the Legacy 500 can carry up to 12 passengers in its maximum configuration, typically carrying around 9.
Cabin altitude is an often overlooked, yet crucial, aspect of private jet travel. It refers to the atmospheric pressure inside the cabin, which can significantly impact passenger comfort during the flight.
The maximum cabin altitude for both the Legacy 450 and the Legacy 500 is 5,800 feet (1,767 meters). This means that even when these aircraft are flying at their maximum altitude of 45,000 feet (13,716 meters), the atmospheric pressure inside the cabin will not exceed what you would typically experience at an altitude of 5,800 feet on the ground.
A lower cabin altitude can help reduce passenger fatigue and discomfort, particularly on longer flights.
Furthermore, both aircraft can maintain a sea-level cabin up to an altitude of 27,050 feet (8,245 meters).
This means that up to this altitude, the pressure inside the cabin is the same as it would be at sea level. Maintaining a sea-level cabin for as long as possible can further enhance passenger comfort, as the body does not have to adjust to changes in atmospheric pressure.
Embraer Legacy 450
It will come as no surprise that Embraer has developed a high-quality, luxurious interior for the Legacy. Both the 450 and 500 aircraft are constructed to the highest standards.
Inside you will first notice the flat floor and the six feet of headroom. The Legacy 450 is capable of carrying up to nine passengers. Featuring luxurious, fully reclining leather seats that seamlessly integrate with the cabin and are paired with a window to give passengers an unmatched inflight experience.
With its 5,800 feet, low altitude cabin pressure, and state-of-the-art noise-reducing technologies, the serene environment of the Legacy 450 cabin will invigorate you and ensure that you are well-rested on arrival.
Unique to Embraer, the entire cabin can be controlled from the upper tech panel. This panel is a convenient touchscreen that allows you to control the entire cabin and check on the progress of your flight. Built with an intuitive design, the overhead touchscreen panel ensures that you can get all the relevant information at a glance, while also being able to control your environment.
Embraer Legacy 450
Embraer Legacy 500
Embraer Legacy 500
Embraer has decked out the interior of the Legacy 500 to the highest standards. Despite being developed a decade ago, the interior design remains in vogue.
Having integrated distinguishable elements with a sustainable evolution of the product, the Legacy 500 stands out from the competition. Embraer describes the Legacy 500 as “luxury beyond compare”.
The Legacy 500 perfectly demonstrates Embraer’s attention to detail and expert craftsmanship. The cabin is a spacious 6 feet tall with a fully flat floor. This makes the cabin that much easier to move around. The furniture-like design of the fully reclining seats provides passengers with superior comfort. All seats are optimally placed next to windows in order to afford every passenger spectacular views of the world below.
At the front of the cabin you will, as is common, find the galley. The Legacy 500’s wet galley serves as an elegant, welcoming entryway to the aircraft. At the time of conception, the galley was the largest in the midsize segment. Therefore making this the perfect aircraft for paramount dining.
Plenty of space and functionality can be attributed to the stowable tables which open flush to the side ledge. This, in tandem with the functional galley, make the Legacy 500 cabin the perfect place to work, dine, and relax.
The Legacy 500 has a very respectable cabin altitude of 5,800 feet when flying at its maximum cruising altitude. Embraer has also worked their magic with the sound insulation in order to create a whisper-quiet cabin. Benefits of this include easier conversations, a peaceful environment for working, and a feeling more rested on arrival.
When it comes to chartering a private jet, the cost is often a significant consideration.
The Embraer Legacy 450 and Legacy 500 come with different hourly rates that reflect their individual offerings.
The Legacy 450 has a charter cost of $3,800 per hour.
On the other hand, the Legacy 500 commands a higher rate of $4,550 per hour. This increase in cost can be attributed to the aircraft’s longer range, larger cabin, and slightly superior performance characteristics.
However, it’s important to remember that these figures are just the base rates, and the actual cost to charter a private jet can be influenced by several factors.
Firstly, the duration and distance of the flight play a crucial role. Longer flights typically have higher costs due to increased fuel consumption and crew time.
Secondly, the departure and arrival airports can also impact the cost, as landing fees and other airport charges can vary widely.
Lastly, the time of booking can influence the price. Chartering a jet during peak travel times or on short notice can lead to higher rates.
Acquisition cost is a significant factor when purchasing a private jet.
The new list price for the Legacy 450 is $15,250,000. This is a substantial investment, but it secures an aircraft with impressive speed, range, and interior comfort.
For those considering a pre-owned model, a 2018 Legacy 450 currently costs around $15,000,000.
On the other hand, the Legacy 500 has a higher new list price of $18,400,000, reflecting its additional capabilities and larger cabin space.
A pre-owned 2018 model of the Legacy 500 is currently valued at around $18,000,000.
Depreciation is another crucial aspect to consider when purchasing a private jet.
The Legacy 450 has an annual depreciation rate of 1.32%. Given this rate, if you were to purchase a pre-owned 2018 model now, its value would decrease to approximately $14,413,806 in three years.
In contrast, the Legacy 500 depreciates at a faster rate of 5.49% annually. Based on this rate, a pre-owned 2018 model would depreciate to around $15,195,178 over the next three years.
Therefore, in terms of actual dollar amounts, the Legacy 500 would lose more money over the ownership period.
However, it’s important to note that several factors can influence the depreciation rate of a private jet. These include the aircraft’s age, total flight hours, and maintenance history. Furthermore, market demand for a particular model can also significantly impact its depreciation rate.
The Embraer Legacy 450 and Legacy 500 are both impressive private jets, each offering a unique blend of performance, luxury, and cost-effectiveness.
They are designed to provide a comfortable and efficient travel experience, with spacious cabins, powerful performance characteristics, and advanced avionics systems.
The Legacy 450, with its lower acquisition and charter costs, shorter take-off and landing distances, and significant range, is an excellent choice for those seeking a balance between luxury and cost-effectiveness.
It’s an ideal option for individuals or small groups who frequently travel on mid to long-range flights and value the flexibility of accessing smaller airports.
On the other hand, the Legacy 500 offers enhanced capabilities such as a larger cabin, longer range, and higher passenger capacity, albeit at a higher cost. Its higher charter rate and acquisition cost are justified by these superior features and capabilities.
The Legacy 500 would be a better fit for those who require more space for passengers or amenities, regularly undertake long-haul flights, or simply desire the additional luxury it offers.
If you are interested in configuring your own Embraer private jet then you can here.